" " wisno wood furniture finishing: Classification of finishing materials

Saturday, September 12, 2009

Classification of finishing materials

Furniture finishing industry keep developing to follow the developments in furniture industry. The furniture finishing has wide range of styles, color and looked to follow the style and the development of the furniture models and styles. This development of course has to be followed by the finishing material industry. There are many types of finishing material are developed to be used in the process of finishing furniture. 
In this era most of finishing process is done with the modern finishing material that are known as coating or paint. The coating as modern finishing material provide some advantages such as: ease application, flexibility, high speed and consistency process with high quality result. Some finishing process is still done by using traditional finishing material such: wax, shellac, teer, or oil. But the demands of the quality and speed has make those material are become less in using. Coating as finishing materials have also been developing rapidly to meet the demand needs of the modern finishing create some new material. There some are special material created to make special effects to produce a certain look such as: wax lacquer (coating to produce a smooth surface such as wax), crackle lacquer (paint finishing for crackle finish), veiling lacquer (to make effects such as a spider web), texture paint (to make texture surface).

Finishing materials can divided and group in different way, according to the their function or their types. Based on their function, the finishing materials can be grouped into:

  1. Stain : finishing materials which form color
  2. Glaze: a special stain which is applied between layers of clear coating
  3. Clear coating: finishing material that form the finishing film
  4. Filler: the materials that use to fill the pore or grain
  5. Putty: the material that serves to close the hole or small gap.
  6. Thinner: the material which is used to thin or dilute the finishing materials.
  7. Special materials: the finishing materials to create special effects

Meanwhile, according to the type finishing materials can be grouped into:

1.Traditional finishing materials:

  1. Wax
  2. Oil
  3. Varnish
  4. Shellac

2. Modern finishing materials:

  1. Nitrocellulose
  2. Polyurethane
  3. Acid curing
  4. Water based coating
  5. UV coating
  6. Alkyd
  7. Polyester 

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