Mineral spirits or known also as Stodart oil or white spirit is made from petroleum distillate that is widely known as solvent used for various purposes. The mineral spirits is used for degrease and cleaning the machinery. It also widely used as cutting oil, and solvent for paint thinning in the wood finishing. Mineral spirits is a mix of hydrocarbon compound. The composition for mineral spirits is the mix of aliphatic solvent hexane with maximum aromatic hydrocarbon content of 0.1% by volume. He has the kauri-butanol value of 29, an initial boiling point of 149 °F (65 °C), a dry point of approximately 156 °F (69 °C), and a specific mass of 0.7 g/cc. (wikipedia)
Mineral spirits will emit the unpleasant odors during its evaporation. For the human interaction uses there is available the odorless mineral spirit, the type of mineral spirit that is been refined to release its aromatic solvent
In the wood finishing industry the mineral spirits is lot used as a substitute for solvent turpentine to thin various finishing materials.
Here are some uses of mineral spirits in the wood finishing industry.
- Mineral spirit is thinner for finishing material.
Mineral spirits is also very ideal as a thinner thinner glaze. This material has long drying time and does not dissolve the clear coating. The glaze can be applied over the sealer or top coat without damaging the layer of top coat or sealer underneath.
- Mineral spirit is a cleaner liquid for finishing layer.
- Mineral spirit is the liquid in the wet sanding.
The things that must be considered in the uses of mineral spirit.
- The mineral spirit should be handled properly.
The mineral spirits should be stored and used in an area with ample ventilation, and located at a distance from the spark, heat source, and flame. We should wear rubber gloves and masker while handling this material.
- The mineral spirit needs relatively long time to evaporate.