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The rule for distress in the wood furniture finish

The distresses in the antique finishing 
The distress technique as well as the overall workmanship of antique finishing process, is a work that requires a touch of art. Meanwhile taste and sense of art from every person is a very subjective and different for each other. In the furniture-making industry, the ultimate goal of making furniture is to produce acceptable and sell able products in the market. Now mostly the furniture products are created by the designer and sell to the market, then the final decision is the market. To meet the market and the designer need hen the finishing man has to learn the taste of the buyer and the designer of the antique furniture he made and also the market of the furniture product.
There are no definite rules about how the distress is done, how much is the distress and types of distress are selected, because it concerns could taste that could be different for each person. One thing that must be understood is that the distress is made in order to imitate the damage of goods due to age or wear and the results of the production process is not perfect. Because it, the damages should be produced as much as possible  to be looked natural, random, disorganized and untidy. For furniture-making process in a lot amount, the distress should be made not in the same places and stress for every product, although the results are required to have the similar impress final finish looked.

The design of the furniture. 
The selection of the distress and how the distress is done primarily based on the design of furniture products. The furniture product which is designed based on the older model era  would be more damaged and require more distress than the furniture model that based on a relatively new era. So when we start to distress we need to see the furniture design and estimate how old the antique furniture should be. And by estimating the age of the furniture then we can select the looked that are considered suitable for the finishing as well as the types and how is the distress should be.

The form factor. 
It is logically inconceivable that the stand out and more exposed part on a furniture product will have more distress impact. A furniture will get more severe damaged in the outer parts than other parts that are in inside and hidden places. Base on that, the distress is done more in the outside parts then in the hidden parts.

The distress on the cabinet

The distress on the chair

The distress on the table

The sanding process in the antique wood furniture.
Although antique furniture finishing process requires the distress that is a destruction process which seemed like to make goods become damaged and broken, but the preparation of the unfinished product must be good. The product quality must be kept in accordance with the standard quality of furniture product should be. Sanding should also be done right so that the entire surface is flat and smooth. There should be no glue marks, scratch marks, chatter marks or sanding mark. Need to be understand that the actual piece of antique furniture were created manually, not use machines or sandpaper as now use in modern process. Because of that, there should no machine marks, sandpaper mark, or glue marks which will show the use of modern tools.
The old furniture must have smooth surfaces. It has been touched many peoples and may also has been polished by hand many times. Antique furniture always has a smooth surface and blunt at the edges. To make the antique looked, the furniture product always need sanding at the ends of protruding sharp edges such as: the outside corners, the edges of the table top or wall, the edges of the carving, etc. Sanding is also required on the parts that have been physically distressed to remove the coarse and rough surface caused by the distress. Sometimes it is also required a sanding to make certain look and form such waving shape, ware look, etc.

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