White wash finish
White wash finish is one finish style in the wood furniture finishing. The white wash finish refer to a finish with a white color which is wiped off or washed off from the surface (although actually the naming of the finishing can be different for everyone). White wash finish leave the white color inside the pores and grains, groove, crevice, etc. The finish is the white hang up in the inside part of the furniture. It is a transparent color with a different impression. Mostly in the white wash finish we still can see the base color, pores and grains pattern of the wood. The color result is the combination from the wood base color underneath and the washed white color on the top. The white color can be very thick until almost cover the entire color, or can also be very thin that let the wood base color with its grains and pores character is still clearly visible but with a muddy white looked. Sometimes we need to stain the wood base to produce even color or to make more color contrast with the white effect. Actually instead of white color, there are many other wash finish such as black wash, blue wash, yellow wash, etc., but the white wash color wash is the most popular wash finish in the wood furniture finishing.
The white color could be made with some different way, but the easiest is to use a white glaze, or white filler. Glaze to make the white is very flexible and ease to be applied evenly to fill in the grains, pores and cervices and can easily be reduced and highlighted in accordance with desired thickness. We can also use the white base coat or toner to make the white, but it is more difficult in application. We need to use thinner to wipe off the white stain or white base coat, and it rather difficult in controlling. The white base coat is usually used to produce a thicker white coloration that is rather difficult to got with the glaze application. It is possible also to do the combination with the white glaze with the toner or base coat application to meet the desired final color.
The things that must be considered in the white wash finish
- Yellowing in the white wash finish.
- The wood grains and pores.
The white was finish with light white color
- The wood base color.
The basic finishing steps to make white wash finish.
1. Sap stain and equalizer stain to even the wood base color (if necessary}
2. Stain to darken the wood base color (if necessary}
3. Sealer or wash coat
4. White glaze or white stain
5. Highlight or wipe off the white color
7. Stain to add the color (if necessary)
8. Top coat