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Antique white finish with wash off technique.

antique white finish

It is another technique to make the antique white finish. In this article we make antique by wash off the white paint to do highlight and make the wear off looked on the paint. In previous articles we've discussed the antique white finish by sand through technique (see our previous article: antique white finish). Now we use a wash off technique to remove the paint layer to make antique effect. The finishing looked resulted is very similar with the rub off finish; an antique finish with paint layer is removed in some parts. But since the removal of the paint is done by washed off with thinner then the antique impression is little bit different.
The paint highlight resulting usually is more soft and natural looked then the sand off technique. The paint wipe off with thinner does not leave the sanding mark as the sandpaper does.
The finishing process in here is done by using NC type finishing materials. Base coat, sealer and top coat that are used are the NC type. The finishing material that is drying with reaction such as PU or AC cannot be used for this finish, since it needs the material that can be resolved with thinner.

Here is the finishing step by step:
  • Physical distress
Physical distress is made to add the antique impression. In finishing, we use nail to make wormhole, chains and rock to make damage impression caused by bump. Sand the wood surface to subtilize the roughness caused by the physical distress.
  • Base coat application
Apply the base coat by spray to coat the entire surface evenly. Make sure that the base coat layers the overall surface evenly. We may need to do spray two or three layer coat to cover overall surface. Then wait the base coat to dry.
Then soak a cloth in paint thinner, and then use the dampened cloth to remove the base coat layer on certain parts to display the wood (highlights). This technique is like the rub off the finish, but the wipe off the paint layer is done with thinner.
The highlight of the base coat should be done properly because it will determine the appearance of the resulting finish. The antique finishing resulted is mainly depend on the highlight looked of the white paint. How the paint is wiped off and how much the highlight is, are the crucial thing to make a good finish.
We need to consider the form and model of the furniture in the highlighting process. The highlight resulted well balanced and should naturally looked, as if the paint wears since the age and usage.
Do a check on the appearance of the highlighting appearance after doing the wipe off process. Make sure a natural and well balanced highlighted paint is obtained. Then do a scuff sanding to subtilize the rough surface caused by the wash off process.
  • Application of sealer.
The sealer application is needed to protect the highlighted base coat. Spray 1 wet coat sealer evenly to the entire surface layer of sealer. Wait for about 30 minutes to let the sealer dry before go to the next process. We can continue apply the glaze on the next step without sanding the sealer.
  • Application of glaze
Glaze is applied to produce more lively and antique finishing appearance. Brush glaze on the surface evenly and then do the highlights and let it dry. We can continue with other antiquing process such as dry brush, cow tail or spattering if needed.
  • The second sealer application.
The second sealer is applied protect the finishing appearance underneath that has been obtained and also to prepare a smooth surface before top coat application. Spray wet coat or sealer coat evenly to the entire surface. Wait until it dry and then sand the sealer. A good sanding is needed to make a smooth surface before the top coat application.
  • Application of top coat.
The top coat application as the final step is purposed to make a protection to the finishing resulted, to make gloss of the finish and to make smooth surface on the finish. Spray the top coat evenly to overall surface. Use the low or semi gloss sheen top coat.

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