Nyatoh wood (Palaquium spp) is widely known in Indonesia. There are about 48 species of Nyatoh tree with the distribution area in Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua. The tree grows in low land in the altitude to 1100 m above sea level. It has medium hardness, good property for, gluing, drilling, machining and processing in the woodworking.
The wood is used for many purposes. The wood has nice grain, moderately fine texture but with fairly strong character. It has varied base color from the light brown at the sap wood to the read purple at the heartwood with some dark strip at the grain. The wood pores are quietly deep but small. The wood is utilized for wood for many purposes; for wood construction, plywood, flooring, panel boards, decking, indoor furniture, wood house, house frame, doors, windows, and craft paper. In the furniture maker it can be used to substitute the mahogany and teak wood.
The physical properties of the Nyatoh wood can be seen in the table below :
Average Dried Weight (Basic, 12% MC) : 39 lbs/ft3 (620 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity : .53, .62
Janka Hardness : 1,070 lbf (4,760 N)
Modulus of Rupture : 13,920 lbf/in2 (96.0 MPa)
Elastic Modulus : 1,939,000 lbf/in2 (13.37 GPa)
Crushing Strength : 7,890 lbf/in2 (54.4 MPa)
Shrinkage : Radial: 3.2%, Tangential: 5.5%,
Volumetric shrinkage : 8.7%, T/R Ratio: 1.7
the data is taken from : the wood database
Nyatoh wood has a high risk to get cracked or bent. The drying process for this wood has to be done with fully control. The wood also is also susceptible to the insect attacked; the treatment with insect repellent is needed to preserve the wood.
nyatoh for kitchen cabinet
the picture is taken form : kabinet idaman
Finishing for Nyatoh wood.
The wood has good properties according to the finishing process. It can absorb and accept the finishing material applied on. All type of finishing material can be applied on without any problem. The wood also has an attractive appearance. The transparent finish can be applied to generated the nice wood looked. It can be stained to make any color to make the dark brown or light brown color to imitate the mahogany or teak wood color.