How to choose the finishing for furniture.
Finishing process is a job that is relatively difficult and complex. Finishing work requires energy, time and sometimes the special equipment and facilities that could be expensive. Therefore when we do finishing process we always want the optimum results comparable to the effort that we spend. For that purpose we should be able to choose the most appropriate finishing for the furniture products. We can do the finishing process ourselves, or we can bring the product to the finishing shop for the finishing process, but we have to choose the right finishing.
NC finish for antique finishing
- The function of the product.
For indoor furniture then we have more choices. There are many finishing materials that can be used for indoor finish with very good result. The NC (lacquer), Precatalyzed, PU, Catalyzed lacquer, furniture varnish, floor varnish, shellac, wax, oil, etc. Almost all materials are wood finishing material for indoor furniture finish. In general, materials for indoor finishing is more flexible, dry faster, cheaper and easier to be handled with more color choices and finishing effects than the finishing materials for outdoor.
NC finish is the easiest finishing materials used. It can be used to make almost all special effect and color. It is the material that was used to replace the shellac, varnish, oil finish and other traditional finishing material. The NC is also available in the paint or opaque color with many color choices. The NC finish theoretically can make all finishing looked and color that is made by the traditional finish material.
The NC finishing materials sometimes is used together with latex paint or PU or Acid curing types to make special finish. The NC finish is the best material to do the finish for the bed room set, armoire, book case, hand craft, picture frame, sofa, chair and other product when the maximum aesthetic value is needed. But the NC finish will not be able to produce a strong enough film finish layer as the PU or catalyzed lacquer. Therefore the NC finish is not suitable to finish the products that will receive lot of physical activity.
The products that more get physical abuses need the stronger finish layer. The PU and Acid Curing are more suitable for the furniture that need more strong layer such as the dining table, the kitchen cabinets, the bar furniture, and even the wood flooring. The hard and strongest finishing material is the UV coating; it is the best material for the wood flooring.
Varnish, or shellac finish are the simpler finish and can be applied with a cloth or brush so that it can be an attractive option when finishing facilities spray is not available.
The water based coating is almost like NC in the term strength and color. It has better resistant to the heat, and physical abuses then the NC, but it has low resistant to the solvent and chemical such as the NC finish. It is now been developed to get more spectrum in the wood finishing. But now it is still rather difficult in application compared with NC finish. The water based coating are also can be used in combination with the NC finish to make some special finish effect.
PU for high gloss finish
- The finishing appearance and color.
The NC is finishing materials that can provide a wide range of colors and finishing effects. The NC lacquer also will give you the best clarity and natural wood looked. But the NC is not suitable to make finishing with thick film layer.
The finish that requires thick film is better made with the PU or acid curing or even the water based. The PU and acid curing is the best option to make the wood color finish with thick film. It can build the thick film finish with quite good clarity. The water base clear coating tends to make a cloudy looked finish if it is applied in a thick layer.
The water based paint (latex paint) is still good choices to make the paint finish color. It can make the thick paint finish with thick film and available in wide range color. It can be used in combinations with the NC or PU finish to make the paint finish with some special effects.
- The furniture substrate.